Student Transportation Frequently Asked Questions
The following Frequently Asked Questions were compiled by the Michigan Department of Education.
Anything in italics is specific to Hudsonville Public Schools policy
School districts are NOT required by law to transport regular education children. Michigan Compiled Law (MCL) 380.1321 outlines the obligations of the school district IF its board of education elects to provide transportation. Under Article 3 of the Revised School Code, the school district is obligated to provide for the transportation of a special education student if the Individualized Educational Planning Committee (IEPC) has determined that the transportation is a specialized service which is included within and necessary to carry out the student's IEP.
There are no special laws or regulations for transporting regular education students enrolled in kindergarten. If your district provides transportation, it will be provided in accordance with the requirements of MCL 380.1321, Section 55 of the Pupil Transportation Act, and local district policy with regard to the placement of the bus stop.
No law specifies the maximum distance a student may walk to the bus stop.
Hudsonville Public Schools Board of Education Policy 8600 prescribes a maximum walking distance for a student qualifying for transportation services. Elementary students are expected to walk no more than 1/4 mile to the school bus stop, and Secondary students are expected to walk no more than 1/2 mile to the school bus stop. Exceptions may be made based on legal and budgetary requirements, for shuttle services, and where dead-end roads prevent a 180 degree turn around of the bus.
The lights on a school bus which are used to notify other traffic of an upcoming stop must, by law, be activated 200 feet from the stop. Thus, bus stops must be at least 200 feet apart.
There are many factors which should be taken into consideration when school administrators establish the placement of school bus stops. The basic legal factors are spelled out in MCL 257.1855, but the primary concern is visibility of the bus to other traffic and the consideration of stopping distances necessary for other motor vehicles in order to accomplish safe loading and unloading of the children. In general, state law requires 400 feet of clear and continuous visibility on a highway or roadway where the speed limit is more than 35 miles per hour, and 200 feet where the speed limit is less than 35 miles per hour. There is no state law which specifies a maximum distance between stops.
It is the responsibility of the parent or legal guardian to see that a child gets safely to and from the bus stop. The school district provides transportation as a non-mandated service and establishes placement of the bus stops in accordance with the requirements of the law.
Hudsonville Public Schools Board of Education Policy 8600 states in part: "It is the responsibility of the parent(s)/guardian(s) to provide for the child’s safety to and from the bus stop and to ensure that the child arrives at the bus stop on time. Students must show respect for citizens and for private property while waiting at a bus stop. In the event that bus service is delayed, parent(s)/ guardian(s) should be prepared to assume responsibility for the child’s welfare until the bus arrives."
There are no laws pertaining to this issue. In most cases when adults are assigned to monitor students that are being transported on a bus, they are near the student or students who possess the greatest amount of supervisory need.
There is no maximum riding time in the law for children in kindergarten through grade twelve. Child care licensing regulations establish a maximum riding time of 60 continuous minutes for the transportation of preschool children.
Active HPS Board of Education policies can be found on the district's website. Transportation policies can be found in the Operations (8000) section and are policies 8600-8651.